Raising Pigs on a Small Scale
There are nearly 3,000 properties in New Zealand with fewer than 50 pigs (Statistics New Zealand, 2007). Understanding the principles of caring for pigs on a small scale is very important. This section provides further information and links to other useful websites.
You should be aware of some of the requirements relevant to pig farming in New Zealand.
- Resource Management Act 1991 - Directs every person to avoid, remedy or mitigate any adverse effects on the environment. District, City and Regional Councils are responsible for compiling plans and rules which cover resource management in their local area.
- District and Regional plans - Your local Councils (City, Regional and District) have rules about where pigs can be raised and resource management requirements. Contact your relevant Councils for details. You can check your relevant Councils here.
- Animal Welfare Act 1999 - Owners and the person in charge of an animal are required to ensure that the physical, health, and behavioural needs of animals are met and that pain and distress of ill or injured animals is alleviated. The standards of care for pigs are described in the Code of Welfare for Pigs, it can be downloaded from Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI).
- Feeding waste food -the Biosecurity (meat and food waste for pigs) Regulations 2005 requires that any feed containing meat or meat products (e.g. ham, bacon) or that has come in contact with meat (e.g. sandwiches, pies) must be heated at 100C for 1 hour before it can be fed to pigs. Read here for details.
- Protecting New Zealand - To help protect our disease free status the Biosecurity Act requires that any suspected exotic diseases or pests are reported to MPI's 24 hour hotline 0800 - 80 99 66.
- Animal Products Act 1999 (part 6) - Regulates who can kill and process an animal. Key points are:
- you must have owned or cared for the animal for 28 days prior to slaughter if you wish to sell the meat
- More information on Home Kill (the slaughtering and butchering of your own animal either by yourself or a listed Home Kill service provider) is provided here. A list of registered homekill butchers is maintained by MPI here.
- you or a registered homekill provider can kill and process animals for your personal use.
- animals for commercial sale must be slaughtered at a registered facility. A homekill butcher is NOT permitted to kill animals for sale.
- Contact NZPork for details of a licensed premise close to you.
- Moving animals - For sale or slaughter - all animals that are transported to slaughter, or from one property to another where there is a different person in charge, must have an Animal Status Declaration (ASD) completed and signed. Single use ASD for Pigs forms can be downloaded here. NZPork provides registered pork producers with ASD books free of charge.
- Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act 1997 - Regulates what treatments you can give your pigs. You may need to consult with MPI or your veterinarian.
Small Scale Pig Farming DownloadsNZ best practice guidelines to free range pork production
A Guide to Small Scale Pig Farming - Massey University 2013 (130kb)
Pigs on Lifestyleblock.co.nz (external link)
Feeding Food Waste to Pigs